DIM Weight Matters

DIM weight matters

FedEx Ground and UPS Ground recently restructured their pricing plans for domestic ground shipments that utilize dimensional (DIM) weight pricing on most packages. This means that shippers will be charged whichever is greater, the actual weight or the DIM weight. This is the same price structure FedEx Express and UPS use for air shipments based on the amount of space in the cargo area of a plane. Parcels less than 3 cubic feet shipped via FedEx Ground and UPS Ground have previously been exempt from DIM pricing (charged instead according to actual weight).

What exactly is DIM weight? DIM weight is based off of a package’s cubic size, which you can calculate by multiplying its length, width, and height. Shipping companies then use a volumetric divisor to determine the DIM weight. FedEx and UPS use 166 as the volumetric divisor for domestic packages, while USPS uses 194. Not only will a package’s DIM weight always be lower with the USPS, USPS only applies dimensional weight pricing to Priority Mail packages greater than a cubic foot and shipping to Zones 5 to 9.

Shippers have several options to deal with the increased cost of their packages. They can reduce the cubic dimensions of parcels, pay higher charges, or consider shipping with the Postal Service. Unlike it’s competitors, the Postal Service is not implementing any new dimensional weight charges, and there are a variety of efficient and economical shipping solutions from USPS that can help ease the cost of sending a package.

For more information on USPS shipping options, go to usps.com/options.

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